His writing reflects the painful human price of industrial accidents, overwork, and the inefficiency of the hyperindustrialization program, the wretched condition of peasants driven from the land in the and forced into becoming industrial laborers, and the harshness of in the. Typically, the revisionist viewpoint evolves after a period of time giving scholars a greater degree of material and distance with which to make decisions. The temperature was in the neighbor-hood of thirty-five below. I was assigned this book in an undergrad history course, but I never opened it then. Nevertheless, Behind the Urals stands as a most revealing description of an iron age in an iron country.
After the war, capitalists linked unions to the mounting communist threat… 2526 Words 11 Pages Honest Wages for The American Worker Congratulations, you are hired! One must wonder what his American friend, who was endlessly curious about life in Stalinist Russia, must have made of these trips. The bulk of his career was as a , book author, and with. There were no jobs to be had. The workforce was further augmented by the economic emancipation of women e. For example, the traditional history of the taught in American classrooms is a retelling of a band of courageous patriots who overthrew the tyranny of the British Crown.
I was always glad when there was no wind in the morning. He wrote his memoir hoping to tell the truth of these years of rapid industrialization. Even many prisoner-specialists supported the Soviet power out of patriotic pride for what they were doing to modernize Russia, even if they should suffer for it personally. Revisionist history, on the other hand, is more of a reinterpretation of traditional views on history that focus on a reexamination of new evidence, uncovered or omitted evidence, underlying motivations, and materials that take into account more than the standard sources. The latter organization could grant such permission only to people with jobs. Also, the official Trade Unions were simply mouthpieces for the Community Party agenda. It was just one of the thou-sands of peasants and young workers who had come to Magnitogorsk for a bread card, or because things were tough in the newly collectivized villages, or fired with enthusiasm for Socialist construction.
It is possible that as long as the Soviet regime is able to keep the people at work and give them enough to buy the things essential to their low standards it will endure. A small group of foreigners who immigrated to the Soviet Union during that period were the true believers in communism. This ideology viewed the working class and peasantry as the main citizens in their society, while the rich landowners were not nearly as powerful as they once were. His story exemplifies the struggles that were taking place in both Europe and Asia. The workers at Magnitogorsk were blue-collar Communists with a variety of skills. It took four years for him to finally get permission for his wife and child to leave the country with him, and it was an uncomfortable time, denied permission to work and, like all Russians, living in fear of the knock on the door that would lead to arrest, torture, abjuration by friends and family, and probably death.
They speak of little schooling and difficult living conditions -- to Americans, most of them would be considered illiterate -- even many of the bosses and foremen. Behind the Urals stands as a unique and revealing description of an iron age in an iron country. The two foremen left the shanty together, Ivanov tucking a roll of blueprints into his pocket and swearing good-naturedly at the cold, the storehouse manager, the foreigners who projected structural steel with inch-and-a-half bolts, and the telephone operator. He is currently the John P. He opened the door of the big iron stove. If we remember the conditions within the United States at the same time Depression, massive unemployment, virulent racism, etc. He was depicted as a young, strong man and a hard worker that had a huge responsibility for his age.
He usually does this economically. However likely that these experiences were common around Scott does not mean they were consistent in other parts of the country, etc. The city of Magnitogorsk was important to Soviet Party Leader Josef Stalin because, as part of his 5-year plan to transform the Soviet Union, Stalin needed a project that would emphasize the U. This was done at a high human cost — safety measures were minimal and bred a fatalist attitude, while at a more general level society suffered from consumer scarcity amidst relative producer plenty. In 2015, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that 2. There were some social benefits for the workers at Magnitogorsk.
Scott did not skip the brutality and injustice behind the propaganda, and he did not simply rationalize it away as a necessary cost of reaching the ultimate goal, but it did not stop him from pouring his heart and soul into his work. DiLorenzo agrees that capitalism helped improve wages and workers in America, but Blackmon and Dubofksy show…. She also represented what the Soviet Union wanted for all its' people -- more… Scott paints a vivid picture of the social history of the area; lack of lumber for support, lack of trained people to help with the safety issues and a lack of understanding their new regime. Socialism was only a promise, and in the end one that was bitterly betrayed, but under the czars most Russians never had any hope at all of a better life. It was September, 1932, and I was twenty years old. The hysteria subsided after 1938, as the country entered a phase of further industrial development and structural militarization in response to the emergent Nazi threat. The dust jacket for hard covers may not be included.
She was educated; she had a decent job, and had moved up from a peasant's life to a better life. We are very fortunate to be born into a relatively high standard of living as a society, thus we cannot comprehend what it is like for countries trying to build societies from the bottom up. Kolya never heard the whistle. He, like John Scott but for different reasons, left his home, the famine, and unemployment to set. Traditional history is formed by more of a chronological recounting of the basic happenings of a period or event; the dates, actors, and actions typically told from the viewpoint of scholars or on the side of the party that has at the front of a specific action or era. Apparently accidents and injury were deemed as a small price to pay for the progress the country was making.
This was a means of coping with the hardship, deprivation, and paradoxes which resulted from such rapid industrialization. He tells of trips to Sverdlovsk and its heavy machine works; to Chelyabinsk and its tractor plant. He was a broad-shouldered, middle-aged man with a deeply lined face and a quizzical expression around the corners of his mouth. There are not many 22-year-old men that hold the position of foreman and have power over a sizable group of men. It followed John Scott as he lived and learned in the Soviet Union during the 1930s. The majority of pages are undamaged with minimal creasing or tearing, minimal pencil underlining of text, no highlighting of text, no writing in margins. After three months of waiting : 230, 244 while unemployed, Scott left Magnitogorsk for Moscow, planning to seek work as a translator or a secretary to a foreign journalist.
The welding trust was glad to give me work. John unintentionally confesses to his rose colored glasses when he mentions that while beggars in the Soviet Union are almost unheard of, homeless and unemployed beggars he encountered while on a vacation in France were dressed better than he and his blue collar friends in Russia, and probably ate better, too. I decided to go to Russia to work, study, and to lend a hand in the construction of a society which seemed to be at least one step ahead of the American. They needed welders in many places. An interesting aspect of the book is the analysis of the industrial centers in the Urals. Despite hunger, intense cold, and dangerous working conditions he persevered, making friends and marrying a Russian woman.