Learning how to balance each of the four functions simultaneously will lead to effective management. Each organisation shall have its own specific way of classifying and grouping work activities. The rules so established must also be designed in the light of the abilities and motivations of the people available. Consider you are a manager of a team in a café. Importance of Organizing Function of Management Optimum Resource Utilization As already elaborated efficient organizing involves putting together the right things at the right places and sticking it all together to get the job done. While on one hand, this service will attract a great number of individual customers, this will also enable FedEx Kinko's to attract those corporate clients who have bulk of production demand, with complex specifications. The top management is into formulation of policies, the middle level management into departmental supervision and lower level management into supervision of foremen.
Prima facie, it is absolutely essential to prepare a list of tasks to be done. The activities are to be assigned first. This structure is usually presented by formal Organisational Chart as shown in Fig. In a hierarchical centralized organizational structure, top management makes all the decisions and information flows down from the top, through layers of middle managers, to the lowest levels of the enterprise. In terms of human resource management many efforts have been put in place by the organization to ensure that the Bank maintains a vibrant and very highly motivated work force. Planning is the basic management function that includes formulation of detailed plans which are aimed to achieve optimum balance demands with the available scarce resources. Scalar Chain The scalar chain is a very important concept and principle central to Organizing.
The principle of unity of direction which calls for the establishment of one authority figure for each designated task of the organization is achieved. Managers must decide how many people to oversee effectively to get the tasks done. It is intentional in the sense of making sure that all the tasks necessary to accomplish goals are assigned to people who can do the best. Proper planning leads to the event being organized. This can be done by determining the positions to be filled, identifying the requirement of manpower, filling the vacancies and so that the assigned tasks are accomplished effectively and efficiently.
Leadership, Management, Organization 980 Words 3 Pages Abstract The four functions of management, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling, are very essential in building strong organizations and even stronger more effective teams. In our example of having the objective to increase sales in a particular month, controlling would be the function that measures whether the sales are increasing and helps to correct the situation if the specified target is not getting closer. Summary FedEx Kinko's is the chain of stores that offers various services to its clients. In this step, the manager will create a detailed action plan aimed at some organizational goal. Unity of Command: From the chain of command emerges a new principle, viz. One key characteristic is the ability to empower rather than order employees to do their jobs.
With proper skills and knowledge, managers must follow the four functions of management to create and maintain an effective and efficient organization. The few scholarly efforts to tackle processes as a collective phenomenon either have been tightly focused theoretical or methodological statements or have focused primarily on a single type of process theory. Yet, management like all the other parts of the business have certain functions to guide the operations. Management is necessary for a business to function, yet when exploring the role of the. It requires the efficient use of resources combined with the guidance of people in order to reach a specific organizational objective. Planning, organizing, leading, and controlling are the functions of management. Common-cause and special-cause, Control, Leadership 1182 Words 3 Pages is pictured as if reflection of the powerful consciousness of Tom Sawyer; in the end Jim is again a character to laugh at, an object used for humorous purposes.
For Wal-Mart, the company has to also plan on how to adapt to several innovative changes that occur almost on a daily basis and how best to retain and be ahead of the pack. It is directed towards the achievement of aims and objectives through influencing the effort of others. This helps in preventing lack of communication and feedback and also brings about quick response. Elements of Organisation Structure: While designing an organisation structure, the managers must keep six elements in consideration. You do something long enough, hard enough wanting to do and you get better at it.
The facilities and employees may become so specialized to solve the needs of the customers that they cannot be used for any other purpose. Staffing is the task of evaluating, recruiting, selecting, training, and placing appropriate individuals into defined job roles. It does so by ensuring the different parts of the organization are working better. Staffing The staffing function is an increasingly important function of management, although it is sometimes left out when the core functions are discussed. The activities are grouped in various ways. This means that you need to occasionally motivate and inspire by setting an example, instead of simply telling the subordinates what they need to do.
If certain workers and jobs serve similar functions, those people should logically work together. In addition, the training programs are designed in such a manner as to be; specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time. This is to ensure that good candidates are not lost to competitors and thus be able to make quick job offers immediately they are due. If a goal is not being met, the manager must also take any necessary corrective actions to continue to work towards that goal. Organising involves coordination: In order to create a balance and structure in the organisation, the activities of members need to be well-coordinated.
You would essentially be looking at the tasks ahead of you and determining who should do what and if you have the right manpower to achieve the objectives you want. Management will choose a departmental type of organisational format from functional, geographic or territorial, customer, product line, or matrix options. Controlling Controlling is the final function of management. Corbin, Basics of Qualitative Research Newbury Park, California: Sage, 1990: chapter 9; and Witte 1972. Controlling Control, a fourth function of management, flows down the hierarchy in tall organizational structures — the classic image of a bureaucracy. This paper will explain how each of the four management.
Each measure also shows whether plans are working out. Benefits of employee training include, improved production as a result of a highly skilled work force, the employee morale is highly boosted as they view the training as a show of confidence in them by the employees and as a result their motivation is improved. Crozier, The Bureaucratic Phenomenon Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964 , p. Most studies have been straightforward descriptions of time allocation, roles, and activity streams, with few attempts to integrate activities into a coherent whole. You should think about the four functions as a process, where each step builds on the others. Rare and exceptional decisions have to end up at the top management level as the lower staff has no authority to handle them. A good manager will be able to inspire the workforce to work towards the goals not because they have to do it, but because they are driven to achieve these objectives.