As the country's economic interests expand dramatically, so must China expand its military, and particularly its navy, to guard these interests. Its fish are of great and growing importance to the bordering countries for domestic consumption and export. There is a natural tendency, at this initial stage of this effort, to confuse the formal declaratory parts of such activity, defence agreements, formal visits and talks and the words of communiqués, for instance, with the actual substance of these relations. So, it is safe to say that majority of oil is transferred to their destination through Indian Ocean region which makes it the flash point of geopolitics as these oil vessels if obstructed will obstruct the growth engine of the country which it belongs to. Most of its trade through sea-route occurs through this Ocean and some of the islands belonging to the Indian territory lie in this Ocean, whose safety is also a primary responsibility of India.
Yet there are signs of China repositioning itself in the Middle East in light of the turbulence and the setbacks to American interests. The Chinese government insists that China's burgeoning naval strategy is entirely peaceful in nature and is only for the protection of regional trade interests. Yet as the challenges for the United States on the high seas multiply, it is unclear how much longer U. However, to date there exists no evidence that suggests a Chinese military presence of any kind in the Maldives. These are used as materials for the industries of the European countries. And so a map of the Indian Ocean exposes the contours of power politics in the twenty-first century.
Afghan leaders repeatedly sought urgent Soviet military assistance to suppress the opposition. The protective oversight of the U. The oversea transport of oil from existing production areas will continue to remain the primary mode of energy importation for the foreseeable future. Its waters, except at the southern extremity, are warm and calm with predictable wind velocity. The topic is of particular interest for two reasons that have been of concern to me.
So in what quarter of the earth today can one best glimpse the future? Chinese efforts to control the South China Sea have therefore figured significantly in speculations about the wider ambitions of the Chinese central government in the construction of a power projection chain across Asia. Given the stakes involved, and the nature of piracy today, a broader set of comprehensive measures with much wider international participation is essential to deal with this problem. A 2013 analysis by also found the Chinese moves to be commercial in nature. Having said that, the one who controls the Indian Ocean will control all these economic activities. Diverse security challenges affect the region ranging from natural disasters to concerns over energy security, piracy, and military posturing. Furthermore, given Bangladesh's close economic ties to India, and agreements for the expansion of Indian investment in Bangladeshi infrastructure projects, Chittagong's military significance for the Chinese is exaggerated.
The terms in which the argument is presented are limited and would be self-fulfilling predictions, were governments to act upon them. Chinese behavior suggests that Beijing seeks to establish a persistent regional maritime presence. It has also extracted gold from this sea bed recently. One look at the map of vast expanse of Indian Ocean would reveal the strategic importance of India. There is no question that there is a much clearer recognition within the government of India of the importance of the maritime factor in our foreign policy choices. This experience shows what international cooperation can do to keep the sea lanes open, but also suggests the limitations of military responses to such complex threat phenomena. Petersburg State University in Russia.
Moreover, the Indian Ocean is the battleground for some of the key sea lanes in the world like- Malacca Strait and Strait of Hormuz. For the West it is necessary that oil reaches them without any hindrance. It refers to the network of and commercial facilities and relationships along its , which extend from the to in the. Three essential pieces are visible in the geopolitics and economics of the Indian Ocean Region. The Indian Ocean will be where the big game will be played in the future.
It is cheaper and easier and leaves the real work to the powers being balanced. Piracy has been costly to ocean-faring traders but global and regional responses have shown success. The Chinese are also more aggressive than U. If there is a great game in the Indian Ocean, it may be a game of economics, infrastructure, and investment. As China has marched on technologically faster than expected, some American strategists have urged much closer security cooperation with leading military powers in the Indo-Pacific. Raja Mohan, director of Carnegie India, a regional center of the U.
But that idea fails to capture what the Indian Ocean is all about. The two countries' overlapping commercial and political interests are fostering competition, and even more so in the naval realm than on land. Rather than ensure its dominance, the U. China has sought to enhance its relationship with the Maldives through cooperation on and tourism. Andaman, Cocos and Christmas islands afford ideal mid-oceanic locations in the eastern half of the ocean. Besides this many parts of the Indian Ocean's continental shelf are the rich sea-food store houses which have acquired greater economic and strategic value in recent years. Another recent example of cooperation was the for the Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which disappeared en route from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing in March 2014.
According to the recent geophysical findings, the shelf areas of the coast of Indonesia, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf territories are the rich store house of mineral wealth like crude oil, tin, gold, uranium etc. Keeping these dangers in mind, India has taken the most appropriate stand of keeping the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace. Beijing operates surveillance facilities on islands deep in the Bay of Bengal. And it gave the United States a simple focus: to defend Western Europe against the Red Army and keep the Soviet navy bottled up near the polar icecap. The ships, submarines and aircraft were deployed for longer durations. He continued that it would therefore be necessary to adopt other strategies, such as continuing to work to develop better relations with China and also developing smarter ways he mentioned cyber-warfare to deter China, should that be necessary.
And to a greater extent than the other armed services, navies exist to protect economic interests and the system in which these interests operate. Unfortunately there is at present no effective mechanism for multilateral cooperation on maritime security in the Indian Ocean. China aims to help these countries in development activities, so that it can get African support in pushing forward its One China Policy for getting control over Taiwan and to counter the human rights claims that are brought against it to the United Nations. The second major instance of potential Great Power rivalry in the Indian Ocean relates to the risk of spillover effects from maritime tensions in the western Pacific Ocean, including the East and South China Seas. With the demise of the Soviet Union and the rise of China, the focus has shifted to the East and South China Seas. The nation had so far desisted from becoming a military power that could be perceived as a threat by neighbouring countries. The country was totally dependent on imports for its oil and gas supplies.