Cognitive-behavioral therapy, for example, is a combination of the cognitive approach and the behavioral approach and strives to correct wrong cognitive processes to produce more favorable actions. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. Can the child be independent - to do things his or her own way. One of the main disadvantages of this method is that an individual must be ready to take action, or the change is ineffective. Of course all these statements above can be argued but nevertheless it would be unfair not to mention the strength of behaviorism. Stages of psychosocial development are marked by conflict that eventually has a positive outcome according to Erikson.
In the end, I have to say that no any single theory could ever explain fully how we behave and learn in the context of a changing environment. It is possible to manipulate people through behaviorism and the responses one needs from them which can be viewed as the violation of human rights. It is easy to learn why or how to do these behaviors, but knowing when to behave one way or another, and becoming adept in these behaviors is a far more challenging task. One of the few consistencies within this research is that behaviors can be categorized into: task-oriented, relational-oriented, change-oriented, and passive leadership pp. And as every psychological theory it has its strengths and weaknesses.
Two other assumptions of this theory are that the environment shapes behaviour and that taking internal mental states such as thoughts… 2398 Words 10 Pages in psychology are the behaviourist approach and the biological also known as physiological approach. Depending on circumstances both seem very applicable on a case by case basis both having their strengths and weaknesses both very valid points but must be determined by what is to be achieved and who it is being done on. This theory is applied to different aspects of Psychology, the approach basically provides an explanation of a specific topic from a certain point of view. Classical Conditioning - Associate a specific act with something else e. More research is starting to support the idea that leadership is developed through learning and experience. In combination with cognitive therapy, behavior modification helps autistic children with the acquisition of life-skills Virues-Ortega et al. This is an advantage because many people do not know the past causes for their abnormal behaviour.
If you give a person a reward for good behavior, that person will expect a reward every time. Humanistic approach, at some point, is named phenomenological in which the study of a personality is focused on the subjective experience of an individual. Something his northern cousin could not do, at least safely. Task-oriented behaviors consist of contingent reward, directives, and initiating structure. It dismisses important factors in human behavior.
Neglecting the mind in a psychological theory is a huge gap that cannot be filled. Weaknesses: Cognitive models have been accused of being: 1. Neglecting the mind in a psychological theory is a huge gap that cannot be filled. One of the few agreements within this research is that behaviors can be categorized into: task-oriented, relational-oriented, change-oriented, and passive leadership pp. Cognitive Development, 15, 481—498 Chomsky, N. This is a strength because Freud was the first psychologist to realise the importance of childhood. For example, love versus hate, forgiveness vs.
Strenghts of the behaviourists approach are that it has had a major influence on psychology, it is very scientific, its easily testable, it is able to explain individual differences, explains behaviour using simple principles and it has many practical applications. In other words, children recognize disparities when demonstrated. However, they are not so effective for more serious disorders, such as schizophrenia. This is a humanistic theory because it has intuitive credibility, it makes sense and is relative to actual communication practice. The Developmental Approach takes a 'lifespan' approach to pyschology, and in many cases produces a lot of both quantative and quantitative data because of the detail needed to make conclusions on the subject.
The behaviourist principles of learning have been, and continue to be, tested in the laboratory where learning can be objectively measured. Behaviorism is a point of view in psychology directed to a scientific study of the behavior of a man and animal behavior. Evaluation Looks at environment which appears to have a strong effect on mental illnesses but it could also be down to biological reasons e. Everyone of these magnificent systems operates in accordance with specific laws and in a particular order. Strengths and Weaknesses A central strength of behaviorism is that results can be reliably reproduced experimentally such as in a Skinner box or similar apparatus. The behaviourist approach has been criticized for suggesting that most human behaviour is mechanical, and that human behaviour is simply the product of stimulus-response behaviours.
Evaluation Looks at environment which appears to have a strong effect on mental illnesses but it could also be down to biological reasons e. The possibility to predict gives the key to controlling the behavior and therefore to avoid unnecessary reactions. And our mind and body are indivisible and are each influenced by the other. Behavioural treatments such as Systematic Desensitisation and Token Economies are effective for certain disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorders and phobias. Humanism can also be favorable to different professions, including criminology, history, and literature because humanistic thought has a basis that strikes a hint in all that is considered to be human. The regulation of animal research and the emergence of animal ethics: A conceptual history.